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Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1985; 18(2): 165-173

Published online June 1, 1985

Copyright © Journal of Chest Surgery.

The Clinical Analysis of Patent Ductus Arteriosus

김응중,안혁,김용진,서경필

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A clinical analysis was performed n 706 uses of patent ductus arteriosus experienced at Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital during 27 years period from 1958 to 1984. Of the 706 patients of PDA, 244 patients were male and 462 patients were female and ages ranged from 2 months to 53 years old with the average age of 8.5 years. The chief complaints on admission were dyspnea on exertion and frequent URI in 58.9%, non specific symptoms such as palpitation and easy fatigability in 9.7%, symptoms of CHF in 2.0% and no subjective symptoms in 29.4%. On auscultation of heart, continuous machinery murmurs were heard in 82% and only systolic murmurs were heard in 18% of patients. On simple chest PA of patients, cardiomegalies were detected in 78% and there were increased pulmonary vascularities in 93% of patients. EKG findings were as followed; LVH 56.9%, BVH 12.6%, RVH 2.9% and WNL 27.6%. Cardiac Catheterizations were performed in 512 patients and mean Qp/Qs was 2.56 and mean systolic pulmonary artery pressure was 45mmHg. Operation methods were as followed; in patients in whom operations were performed on PDA only, ligation 94.3%, division 3.7% and ligation [0.5%] or trans-pulmonary artery suture closure [1.5%] under cardiopulmonary bypass 2.0% and in patients in whom operations were performed with associated anomalies, ligation 17.6%, division 2.4%, and ligation [44.7%] or trans-pulmonary artery suture closure [35.3%] under cardiopulmonary bypass 80%. 52 postoperative complications [8.4%] were developed in 42 patients [6.8%] and its were as followed; permanent or transient hoarseness 16 [2.6%], intraoperative rupture of PDA 8 [1.3%], recannalization 6 [1.[%], operative death 5 [0.8%], late death 4 [0.6%] and other miscellaneous complications 13 [2.1%]. 140 associated cardiac anomalies [19.8%] were found in 105 patients [14.9%] and its were as followed; VSD 68 [9.6%], COA 15 [2.1%], Subaortic discrete membrane 7 [0.9%], ASD 6 [0.8%], TOF 5 [0.7%] and other miscellaneous an

Article

Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1985; 18(2): 165-173

Published online June 1, 1985

Copyright © Journal of Chest Surgery.

The Clinical Analysis of Patent Ductus Arteriosus

김응중,안혁,김용진,서경필

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A clinical analysis was performed n 706 uses of patent ductus arteriosus experienced at Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital during 27 years period from 1958 to 1984. Of the 706 patients of PDA, 244 patients were male and 462 patients were female and ages ranged from 2 months to 53 years old with the average age of 8.5 years. The chief complaints on admission were dyspnea on exertion and frequent URI in 58.9%, non specific symptoms such as palpitation and easy fatigability in 9.7%, symptoms of CHF in 2.0% and no subjective symptoms in 29.4%. On auscultation of heart, continuous machinery murmurs were heard in 82% and only systolic murmurs were heard in 18% of patients. On simple chest PA of patients, cardiomegalies were detected in 78% and there were increased pulmonary vascularities in 93% of patients. EKG findings were as followed; LVH 56.9%, BVH 12.6%, RVH 2.9% and WNL 27.6%. Cardiac Catheterizations were performed in 512 patients and mean Qp/Qs was 2.56 and mean systolic pulmonary artery pressure was 45mmHg. Operation methods were as followed; in patients in whom operations were performed on PDA only, ligation 94.3%, division 3.7% and ligation [0.5%] or trans-pulmonary artery suture closure [1.5%] under cardiopulmonary bypass 2.0% and in patients in whom operations were performed with associated anomalies, ligation 17.6%, division 2.4%, and ligation [44.7%] or trans-pulmonary artery suture closure [35.3%] under cardiopulmonary bypass 80%. 52 postoperative complications [8.4%] were developed in 42 patients [6.8%] and its were as followed; permanent or transient hoarseness 16 [2.6%], intraoperative rupture of PDA 8 [1.3%], recannalization 6 [1.[%], operative death 5 [0.8%], late death 4 [0.6%] and other miscellaneous complications 13 [2.1%]. 140 associated cardiac anomalies [19.8%] were found in 105 patients [14.9%] and its were as followed; VSD 68 [9.6%], COA 15 [2.1%], Subaortic discrete membrane 7 [0.9%], ASD 6 [0.8%], TOF 5 [0.7%] and other miscellaneous an

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