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Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1998; 31(7): 692-696

Published online July 5, 1998

Copyright © Journal of Chest Surgery.

Videothoracoscopic Surgery for Secondary Spontaneous Pneumothorax

Hyun Woong Yang, M.D.I, Hae Dong Jung, M.D.II, Jong Bum Choi, M.D.I, Soon Ho Choi, M.D.I

IDepartment of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Iksan, Korea , IIDepartment of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Kawngju, Korea

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

For the management of a secondary spontaneous pneumothorax, videothoracoscopic surgery may offer the potential therapeutic benefits of a minimally invasive approach. We report on a series of 36 patients(33 men and 3 women) with a mean age of 56.3 years(range, 31 to 80 years) who underwent thoracoscopic surgical procedures for the treatment of secondary spontaneous pneumothorax. Twenty-one patients had emphysema and 20 patients had old pulmonary tuberculosis. Nineteen patients presented a persistent severe air leak more than 3 days preoperatively and 15 patients had more than one recurrence. Bullectomy or exclusion of the lesion was performed in 33 patients. Mechanical pleurodesis was performed in the entire patients, talc was sprayed in 22 and vibramycin in 14. Mild pleural adhesion at the upper lobe was shown in 10 patients and severe pleural adhesion in 7 patients. One patient with persistent air leak died of persistent air leak and respiratory failure. The mean postoperative stay was 7.0 days(range, 2 to 17 days). At a mean follow-up of 15.8 months (range, 5 to 45 months), no pneumothorax had recurred. In comparison with the result of the treatment for 112 patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax, the operating time was not significantly longer and there were no more primary treatment failures, but the duration of postoperative chest drainage and hospital stay was longer. Videothoracoscopic surgery has proved to be an effective treatment for secondary spontaneous pneumothorax in elderly patients who represent high-risk candidates for thoracotomy.
(Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1998;31:692-6)

Keywords: Pneumothorax , Pneumothorax , Surgery method

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Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1998; 31(7): 692-696

Published online July 5, 1998

Copyright © Journal of Chest Surgery.

Videothoracoscopic Surgery for Secondary Spontaneous Pneumothorax

Hyun Woong Yang, M.D.I, Hae Dong Jung, M.D.II, Jong Bum Choi, M.D.I, Soon Ho Choi, M.D.I

IDepartment of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Iksan, Korea , IIDepartment of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Kawngju, Korea

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

For the management of a secondary spontaneous pneumothorax, videothoracoscopic surgery may offer the potential therapeutic benefits of a minimally invasive approach. We report on a series of 36 patients(33 men and 3 women) with a mean age of 56.3 years(range, 31 to 80 years) who underwent thoracoscopic surgical procedures for the treatment of secondary spontaneous pneumothorax. Twenty-one patients had emphysema and 20 patients had old pulmonary tuberculosis. Nineteen patients presented a persistent severe air leak more than 3 days preoperatively and 15 patients had more than one recurrence. Bullectomy or exclusion of the lesion was performed in 33 patients. Mechanical pleurodesis was performed in the entire patients, talc was sprayed in 22 and vibramycin in 14. Mild pleural adhesion at the upper lobe was shown in 10 patients and severe pleural adhesion in 7 patients. One patient with persistent air leak died of persistent air leak and respiratory failure. The mean postoperative stay was 7.0 days(range, 2 to 17 days). At a mean follow-up of 15.8 months (range, 5 to 45 months), no pneumothorax had recurred. In comparison with the result of the treatment for 112 patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax, the operating time was not significantly longer and there were no more primary treatment failures, but the duration of postoperative chest drainage and hospital stay was longer. Videothoracoscopic surgery has proved to be an effective treatment for secondary spontaneous pneumothorax in elderly patients who represent high-risk candidates for thoracotomy.
(Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1998;31:692-6)

Keywords: Pneumothorax , Pneumothorax , Surgery method

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